Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems along with Information & Communications Technology (ICT) and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) play a significant role in the development and growth of the rural areas in India. We live in an era where a well knit network Natural Resources Management System (NNRMS) involving central & state Governments, private sectors, academia and Non-Governmental Organizations is in place for enabling the integration of Remote Sensing, contemporary technologies and conventional practices for management of natural resources towards sustainable development of the country. The outcomes of the Indian Remote Sensing Projects & Programmes including National level Ground Water Prospects Mapping, Integrated Watershed Management Program (IWMP) and Space Based Information Support for Decentralized Planning (SISDP) have demonstrated the Significance of Space Technology for Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Sanitation & Drinking Water.
National Remote Sensing Centre, Indian Space Research Institute is executing a prestigious project of building National Gram Panchayat Assets Inventory. In Phase I, 10% of the Country covering 57 districts in different states, is considered. There are 764 sub districts covering 23619 Gram Panchayats in these 57 districts. On successful execution of this phase this initiative is likely to be extended to the rest of the country. The major objectives of this activity are (1) to demonstrate and carry out capacity building activities in fulfilling the project objective (2) to generate the inventory of the community assets through the stake holders. This article shares the experience of building this incredible database using the backend work horse postgreSQL. The Efforts of the members of all the teams participating in this nationwide activity is acknowledged.
Effective planning and development at grassroots level require a reliable spatial database of the existing assets of the region. This database provides snapshot of the ground condition of the region chosen for developmental activity. An Asset Directory – a comprehensive compilation of different types of assets available in rural regions of the country created under different centrally and state sponsored schemes of Government of India, is the pressing need for efficient planning. The assets inventory can be generated using the android based mobile application which can be downloaded from the portal and the visualization and analysis can be carried out using the portal. To facilitate further analysis and answer the relevant queries during decision making process, the assets are structured under 5 major classes (1) Civic Amenities (2) Governance Assets (3) Productive Assets (4) Human & Livestock Assets (5) Natural Resources Assets. Apart from the location details the knowledge about the facilities, manpower, working conditions and maintenance status of the assets are also collected to enable the decision makers to maintain and upgrade the assets. The Assets Inventory generated for Thadparthy Panchayat, Gopalpeta Block, Mahabubnagar District, Telangana is shown below.